Communities often create memorials to remember someone or something that is no longer physically there.
They are dotted over our cities and are important for remembering people, places and events.
Watch the videos below and answer questions to find out more about memorials in Melbourne.
8 Hour Day Memorial
The 8 Hour Day Memorial in Melbourne commemorates the 1856 protests by the led by the Victorian Stonemasons.
The protest successfully campaigned for "8 Hours Work, 8 Hours Recreation, 8 Hours Rest", instead of the 12 hour work day which was expected by many employers at the time.
Listen to the secretary of the Trades Hall Council Brian Boyd relate the history of the 8 Hour Day Memorial.
What purposes do memorials serve in our community?
Why is it important to commemorate the 8 Hour Day?
The Forgotten Australians is a memorial to approximately 500,000 children who grew up in government and non-government institutional care (orphanages and homes) during the first half of the 20th century.
Lots of children experienced abuse in these places, and in 2009 Prime Minister Kevin Rudd made an official public apology on behalf of the government.
Watch the video to find out about the memorial from the artist Helen Bodycomb.
What different forms can memorials take? Who decides on the design?
How is the Forgotten Australians memorial used by the public?
Atherton Street Memorial
A slum is a neighbourhood of decrepit houses which are generally inhabited by very poor people.
In the early 20th century, Fitzroy, Collingwood, Heidelberg and Port Melbourne (among many other suburbs) were slums, and their inhabitants lived in very challenging circumstances.
Take a look at these photos to get a sense of what life was like, then watch the video below about the artist who created a memorial to these communities.
What types of things are we trying to remember – people, places, events?
Why should we remember someone or something that is not physically there?
Why might we want to remember something unpleasant or sad?
What memorials have you seen or do you know about that are expressed through art? Consider these examples:
Plan a montage of a memorial location using a range of camera shots and movements. Include appropriate found words at the memorial. Think about the sound and music you would use. Would the absence of sound create a stronger impact for the montage?