About fan cultures
What is fan culture? In general terms, fandom can refer to a subculture of fans who share bonds and a feeling of empathy over a mutual interest. These fans devote a significant amount of time and energy to the common interest, such as Harry Potter fans (Potterheads). Fans engage online, at fan gatherings, or on fan pilgrimages. According to Henry Jenkins, fan culture is a culture produced by fans and other amateurs for circulation through an underground economy and that draws much of its content from commercial culture.
The culture is still evolving with the lines between fans and creators, actors or other fans blurring. Technology has allowed fan cultures to transcend boundaries that traditionally would have been issues in the past, such as geographical and language barriers. Fan communities aren't restricted to any one medium or genre and their shared interest can be rooted in movies, TV, science fiction, comic books, manga, anime, and video games.
Fan culture is many different things for many people. It can be used as a means to express oneself, meet like-minded people, become a loved persona, or subvert dominant ideology such as gender stereotyping.